Fracing was first developed in the 1940’s as a method to increase the production in oil and gas wells. Over a million wells have been hydraulically fractured worldwide since then. The technique involves pumping water and sand down a wellbore inducing fractures in the reservoir to open up the rock to flow more easily. These fractures are incredibly small with most of them being significantly less than an inch in width. They typically extend upwards up to 300 feet and can extend laterally from between 100 to 2000 ft. The reason why they do not extend upward for very large distance is due to them having to overcome the thousands of feet of rock weighing down creating pressure on the reservoir. Most reservoirs are located at thousands of feet of depth and are not located anywhere near where usable water aquifers are. In fact, using seismic technology, the government and oil companies have monitored numerous fracing jobs and have shown no growth of fractures anywhere near fresh water. In areas across Texas, such as Ft. Worth where hundreds of wells have been drilled in the middle of a city, millions of people have lived for decades next to oil wells with no ill effects. In terms of composition, 99% of frac job fluids are composed of water and sand. The majority of the remaining chemicals are items used daily in many consumer products such as cosmetics, soap, and food. Additionally, there are layers of steel and cement set between the producing zone that isolate and further protect fresh water zones. In conclusion, there are numerous safe guards, historical data, and scientific reasons why fracing is not harmful to anyone’s health, safety, or the environment.
Fracing is the reason why today the US is moving to energy independence. As a result of horizontal drilling technology and fracing, the US has seen record growth in production in both oil and natural gas. By replacing coal fired power plants with natural gas, the environment is becoming cleaner due to decreases in emissions. Energy prices have stabilized or dropped as a result of this technology allowing everyone a better quality of living. More jobs are being created in America in a down economy. It seems like a bad idea to ban something that has done so much for the country and that has been proven safe and proven for many years.